Composting at Home, Know the Steps for the Right Beginner

Composting at home you can do easily. Composting is a wise way to reduce waste and recycle organic matter. In addition, it creates a natural, nutrient-rich fertilizer to fertilize the soil in gardens or parks. But to be able to make it, you need to know the important steps.

Composting at Home, Know the Steps for the Right Beginner

Tips for Make Composting at Home

Compost results from the natural process of decomposing organic matter by microorganisms, such as bacteria, and earthworms. Then that produces humus material which is very useful for plant growth. Now you can find out how to make compost that is correct and effective.

Provide a Container for Compost

The first step in composting is choosing the right container to collect the organic matter. You can use a compost bin, barrel or bucket with ventilation holes. Even make your own composter from simple materials like wood or netting rope. Make sure the compost bin has enough ventilation to ensure good air circulation.

Choose Materials Suitable for Compost

Materials suitable for compost are easily decomposed organic materials. For example, such as food scraps, dry leaves, cut grass, vegetables and fruit peels, newsprint, and straw. Avoid adding ingredients such as meat, bones, dairy or pet waste. Because, it will attract pests and cause unpleasant odors.

Cut or Crush Ingredients

If you want the compost material to decompose more quickly, it is necessary to cut or destroy larger organic materials. The smaller the size of the pieces, the faster the decomposition process will occur.

Create Balanced Layers

To make quality composting at home, make sure you add the ingredients in balanced proportions. Mix green materials such as food scraps and cut grass with dry leaves or straw. You need to do this in order to create a balanced layer. The green material contains high nitrogen, while the brown material contains carbon. A good ratio is about 2:1 for green ingredients and brown ingredients.

Keep Water and Air Balance

To speed up the decomposition process, make sure your compost has enough moisture. Keep the compost moist, like a slightly wrung out sponge. The exception is if you live in a very humid area. You may need more ventilation to avoid getting too much water.

Turn and Mix the Compost Regularly

To support the decomposition process running smoothly, turn and mix the compost regularly. You do this by using the help of a fork or other gardening tool. This will ensure that all the ingredients decompose properly. Then it will produce high quality compost.

By following these steps, you can make composting at home that is correct and effective. Compost will be a natural, nutrient-rich fertilizer to fertilize your soil and help plants grow properly.